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Himachal Guide - General Facts

General Information of Himachal Pradesh

Altitude above Sea Level: 350 m to 6975 m
Average Rainfall: 1469 mm
Best Time to Visit: April - July and September - November
Geographical Area: 55,673 sq. km
Temperature: Maximum Temperature - 35° Celsius Minimum Temperature - 2° Celsius
Location: It extends from 30o22' N to 33 o12' N and 75 o45' E to 79 o04' E
Major Languages Spoken: Hindi, Local Dialects
Major Religions: Hinduism, Islam, Christianity, Buddhism
Major Rivers: River Sutlej, River Beas, River Ravi and River Parbati
State Animal: Musk Deer
State Bird: Monal
State Capital: Shimla
WillLife Sanctuaries: 32
Important Cities: Chamba, Dalhousie, Kangra, Dharamsala, Palampur, Hamirpur, Una, Solan, Nahan, Shimla, Mandi, Kullu and Manali


Transportation in Himachal Pradesh

HIMACHAL PRADESH BY AIR
There are three airports in the state of Himachal Pradesh. They are at Bhunter (10 km from Kullu), Gaggal(10 kms short of Dharmsala) and Jubbarhatti (22 km from Shimla). The air routes connect the state with Delhi and Chandigarh. There are no international airports in Himachal Pradesh. King Fisher, Indian Airline, MDLR and Jagson Airlines connect Shimla Kullu, Dharmsala with Delhi.

HIMACHAL PRADESH BY RAIL
Himachal Pradesh is not very well connected by railways as it is not easy to construct railway lines in the high altitude and rugged terrain. The Pathankot-Jogindernagar line is the longest railway line connecting Punjab with Himachal Pradesh. The other railway tracks pass through Shimla, Solan and Una. Shimla is connected with Kalka by a narrow gauge railway line, which in turn is connected with the major cities in India.

HIMACHAL PRADESH BY ROAD
Most of the important places of Himachal Pradesh are well connected with the roadways. Regular bus services connect Shimla, Manali and Dharmsala and other major tourist places with Delhi, Ambala, Chandigarh, Amritsar and Jammu. Now Volvo AC semi sleeper coaches are also available from Delhi to Manali, Shimla and Dharmsala. Taxis are the major travel source here. Vehicles like innova, tavera, quails, sumo, indica and alto cars are easily available.

Important STD Codes of Himachal Pradesh


Places STD code   Places STD code   Places STD code
Amb 01975   Ani 01904   Arki 01796
Baddi 01795   Baijnath 01907   Baldwara 01894
Bali Chowki 01905   Banjar 01905   Barog 01792
Barot 01908   Barotiwala 01795   Barsar 01972
Basantpur 0177   Beer 01908   Bharmaur 01090
Bhota 01972   Bhuntar 01902   Bilaspur 01978
Badasiba 01970   Chail 01972   Chamba 01899
Chauntra 01908   Churag 0907   Dalhousie 01899
Dhaneta 01972   Dharamshala 01892   Gaggal 01892
Gagret 01795   Gohar 01907   Hatwar 01975
Jabli 01792   Jubbal 017815   Jhakhri 01782
Jogindernagar 01908   Jubberhatti 0177   Jwalamukhi 01970
Hamirpur 01972   Kalpa 017852   Kangra 01892
Kandaghat 01972   Kasauli 01792   Karsog 01907
Kaza 01906   Keylong 019002   Killar 01098
Kotkhai 017835   Kullu 01902   Luhri 01782
Manali 01902   Mandi 01905   Manikaran 01901
Morang 017855   Nagrota Bagwan 01892   Nadaun 01972
Naina Devi 01975   Palampur 01894   Pangi 017852
Paunta 01704   Parwanoo 01792   Pooh 017853
Rajgarh 01799   Rampur 01782   Rohru 01781
Shimla 0177   Solan 01792   Sabathu 01792
Sangla 017864   Sarahan 01782   Sarkaghat 017905
Shilai 01704   Sundernagar 01907   Suni 0177
Swarghat 01978   Tabo 01906   Tattapani 0177
Thural 01894   Theog 01783   Udaipur 010190
Una 01975   Yol 01892