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Himachal Guide - Geography

Geography of Himachal Pradesh

Himachal is situated in the heart of Western Himalayas. The state is bordered by Jammu and Kashmir in the North, and Uttar Pradesh in the South-East. Haryana is in the South and Punjab is in the West. Himachal is located between 30"22' and 30"12' north latitude and between 75"47' and 79"4' east longitude. It is a mountainous state with altitudes ranging from 350 to 7000 meters (1050 ft. to 21000 ft.) above the sea level. Shimla, a beautiful city, is the state capital.

There are twelve districts in Himachal, as listed below:

District Headquarter   District Headquarter
Bilaspur Bilaspur   Lahual Spiti Lahual
Chamba Chamba   Mandi Mandi
Hamirpur Hamirpur   Shimla Shimla
Kangra Kangra   Sirmaur Nahan
Kinnaur Kinnaur   Solan Solan
Kullu Kullu   Una Una



The climate of Himachal Pradesh, depending on the altitude, varies at different places from semi tropical to semi arctic. Winters (October to February) are very severe and heavy snowfall is recorded during this season in the upper regions of the state. April to June is delightful and comfortable at the higher altitudes, though on the lower hills, this season can have more humidity than usual. July to September is the time for rainfall and the entire region becomes green and fresh with streams swelling and springs replenished.