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Himachal Guide - Hot Springs

Hot Springs at Himachal Pradesh

Himachal Pradesh is known for the hot water springs throughout the country. Sacredness, medicinal quality of these hot springs in Himachal attracts thousands of tourists from different parts of the country all around the year.
Himachal Pradesh is one of the rarest states where one can find natural hot springs. Various regions in the Kullu, Mandi and Kinnaur district have hot springs. Generally there are three types of spring viz. ordinary springs, mineral springs, thermal springs. Ordinary spring is just water coming from the underground to the surface. Mineral springs have dissolved minerals in them. Thermal springs have water at very high temperature. Hot water springs are found in Himachal and are becoming popular among people as they have medicinal properties. Taking bath in hot water springs helps in curing various kinds of skin diseases. The natural minerals dissolved in these hot spring water helps in curing the skin diseases. Famous places in Himachal where hot springs are found are as follows:

VASHISHT
Vashisht is 6 km. from Manali ( in district Kullu ). It is located well above the river Beas. The hot water springs emerge through granitic gnessies which, in this part of the Himalaya, cover a very large area. Vashisht hot water springs have made this low profile village famous around the world. The village is 3 km. from Manali on the left bank of the river Beas, at the foot of a laterite and conglomerate rock hill covered with majestic Deodar and pines. The water kunds ( ponds ) are in the centre of the village. The temperature of the water varies from 110°F to 123°F. Almost 3,000 people take a dip in the tanks each day. There is also a tank reserved for females. Himachal Pradesh Tourism Development Corporation has also built 'Turkish type baths' about 500 meters below Vashisht village to tap the springs curative potential. The hot water is brought through pipe and stored in a huge water tank. from where the water is channeled through pipes to the bathrooms of the HPTDC.

KALATH
9 km. from Manali. The hot water springs at Kalath are reported to alleviate skin problems.

MANIKARAN
If we talk of hot springs in Himachal, the place Manikaran is first to strike the mind as it the most famous among all others. Manikaran is at a distance of 45 kms from Kullu. There are large numbers of springs in this region within the radius of 1.3 km. The water comes out from underground with great pressure and the temperature of water is somewhat near the boiling point, that is, 97 degree Celsius. The water of springs is so hot that food items like rice, pulses are cooked by placing their bowls on the hot water. Manikaran is regarded as the sacred place and worshippers from different parts of the country come here to take bath in this holy water of Manikaran. The hot water here is very beneficial for skin related ailments. Ailments like rheumatism, pneumonia, backache are rapidly cured by taking bath in this water. It is believed that once Goddess Parvati lost her ear rings in the pond here. When she reported this to lord Shiva, he looked at the pond with great anger. Due to this anger the water here became very hot and started boiling. Since then hot springs are formed here.

TATTAPANI
The word Tattapani itself means hot water. The hot springs here are natural sulphur springs. It is situated at distance of about 50 kms from capital city Shimla. However, it comes under the Mandi district of Himachal Pradesh. Hot springs of Tattapani also have the medicinal benefits. The sulphur mineral dissolved in water helps in curing various bodily diseases. Tattapani is located on the right bank of the river Sutlej.

KASOL
This spring is at a distance of around 32 km from Bhuntar which is where the Kullu airport is located. It can be approached by footpath and is about 1 km. further up stream Manikaran, opposite Nikhthan village. Hot water emerges only at one location at Kasol. The temperature of the water here is much lower than that of Manikaran.

KHIRGANGA
Kheer Ganga is situated on a steep medow. It is a hot water spring. The white sulpher particales are seen sticking at the bottom, on both sides of the spring or floating like milk cream here and there. Due to these particals, the water looks white. So it has been named Kheer Ganga. The water source is quite large. 33 km. trek from Manikaran. The hot springs at Khirganga are extremely important for Hindu and Sikh pilgrims as well as many others who believe the waters have sacred healing properties.