kaza

The town of Kaza, Kaze or Kaja is the subdivisional headquarters of the remote Spiti Valley valley in the Lahaul and Spiti district of the state of Himachal Pradesh in the Western Himalayas of India. Spiti, which is a part of the Lahaul and Spiti district of Himachal, is a high altitude desert having close similarities to the neighbouring Tibet and Ladakh regions in terms of terrain, climate and the Buddhist culture. Kaza, situated along the Spiti River river at an elevation of 3,800 metres (12,500 ft) above mean sea level, is the largest township and commercial center of the valley.

Key Monastery:
The oldest and the biggest monastery of Spity dominating Ki-Village. About 300 lamas are receiving their religious training in its monastery, which houses rare paintings and beautiful scriptures of Buddha and other gods and goddesses. It is serving western population of Spity. It is regarded as the largest in the sub-division. It is a collection of rooms and a labyrinth of corridors that do not follow any defined plan, but seem to have grown over the years. No definite data can be ascribed to the construction of the gompa - that acted both as a monastery and as a fort. In the architectural definitions given to various monasteries, Ki falls in the 'Pasada' style which is characterised by more stories than one and often plays the role of a fort-monastery.

Kibber:
Kibber is a village high in the Spiti Valley in the Himalayas at 4270 metres. It contains a monastery and the Kibber Wildlife Sanctuary. Kibber lies in a narrow valley on the summit of a limestone rock. It is located 6 kilometres from Kaza and a bus service connects them in the milder summer months. Agriculture forms the backbone of the local economy and lush green fields are abundant.The village has around 80 houses, unique, given that they are made of stone instead of mud or adobe brick used extensively elsewhere in the Spiti valley.Kibber has a civil dispensary, a high school, a post office, a telegraph office and a community TV set in the village. Kibber Monastery was founded by Serkang Rimpochhe of Tabo.

Tabo

Tabo is a small town in the Lahaul and Spiti district on the banks of the Spiti River in Himachal Pradesh, India. The town lies on the road between Rekong Peo and Kaza (alternative spelling: Kaja), the sub-divisional headquarters of Spiti. The town surrounds a Buddhist monastery which, according to legend, is said to be over a thousand years old. His Holiness the Dalai Lama has expressed his desire to retire to Tabo, since he maintains that the Tabo Monastery is one of the holiest.

Tabo Monastery:
The Monastery is more than 1010 years old. The entire monastery covering 6300 Sq .mt. is made of earthen walls with the marvelous colourful frescoes inside. These ancient paintings depicting the life cycle of the Buddha (Jataka tales) were made in the Tibetan style by the artists from Kashmir. UNESCO has enlisted this monastery in the world heritage series. It is also called as "Ajanta of Himalayas". Besides the paintings, there are several antique articles, musical instruments and manuscripts in Pali and Bhot languages are in the monastery. It is also regarded as the most important learning center of Buddhism. There are many caves on the high mountain walls opposite to the monastery. These are also used for meditations of the lamas. In 1996, The Kalchakra (Time Cycle) was celebrated at Tabo Monastery on its 1000th anniversary. In the breathtaking view of Spiti valley between Tabo and Kaza, it is hard to believe that the Himalayan mountain can be made of clay and mud at an altitude of 3000 M. The spherical or oval shaped pebbles are visible embedded in the mountain walls of clay and columns of clay with a heavy stone on its top are standing like ghosts in the barren valley. It indicated that this part was once under the sea. As such Tabo is on the land of different geomorphological importance. The river Spiti flows by the side of Tabo. The chilled and high wind comes from the Tibetan plateau.